## Syllabus

#### Syllabus for Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Engineering

**Syllabus for Chemical Engineering**

3rd Semester

**Syllabus for Petroleum Engineering**

3rd Semester

#### Curriculum for 1st Year (Chemical / Petroleum Engineering)

**1st SEMESTER**

# | CourseCode | Name | L | T | P | Credit |

1 | Engineering Mathematics – I | 3 | 1 | 0 | 4 | |

2 | Physical Chemistry | 3 | 1 | 0 | 4 | |

3 | Engineering Mechanics | 3 | 1 | 0 | 4 | |

4 | Programming and Data Structure | 3 | 1 | 3 | 6 | |

5 | Earth Energy and Environment | 2 | 0 | 0 | 2 | |

6 | English for communication | 1 | 0 | 2 | 2 | |

7 | Engineering Drg. & Computer Graphics | 1 | 0 | 3 | 3 | |

8 | EAA – 1 | |||||

9 | Total | 16 | 4 | 8 | 28 |

**2nd SEMESTER**

# | CourseCode | Name | L | T | P | Credit |

1 | Engineering Mathematics – II | 3 | 1 | 0 | 4 | |

2 | Strength of Materials | 3 | 1 | 0 | 4 | |

3 | Polymers & Surfactants | 3 | 0 | 0 | 3 | |

4 | Fundamentals of Electrical Systems | 3 | 1 | 0 | 4 | |

5 | Fundamentals of Biological Systems | 2 | 0 | 0 | 2 | |

6 | Intro to Chem / Petroleum Engineering | 2 | 0 | 0 | 2 | |

7 | Physical Chemistry Lab | 0 | 0 | 3 | 2 | |

8 | Organic Chemistry Lab | 0 | 0 | 3 | 2 | |

9 | Electrical Systems Lab | 0 | 0 | 3 | 2 | |

10 | EAA – 2 | |||||

11 | Total | 16 | 3 | 9 | 25 |

### Syllabus: Chemical Engineering (B Tech) & Petroleum Engineering (B Tech) (Ist and 2nd Semester Courses)

- Origin of petroleum
- Flow of petroleum through rock
- Reservoir rock properties – Permeability and porosity
- Exploration techniques
- Composition of oil, gas, and water
- Elementary concepts of Reservoir modelling techniques, Drilling & Well completion, Pumping System & Artificial Lift, Water flooding, Enhanced Oil Recovery, Transportation of crude oil and natural gas, Application of the products, derived from petroleum, Unconventional Reserve, Offshore and subsea completions
- Challenges and broader economic and environmental impacts
- Major international hydrocarbon reserves
- Petroleum Economics and drivers in global scale
- Sustainable development through objective review of options in the Energy Basket

**Reference:**Petroleum Engineering Handbook (Vol. 1 through VIII). Editor in Chief: Larry W. Lake, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

**What is chemical engineering**

- Impact of chemical engineering and chemical engineering discipline
- The chemical engineering today
- Grand challenges for chemical engineering in the 21st century
- Chemical processing- Definition and its role Chemical Engineering Discipline: Chemical engineering, Energy balance, Material balances, Fluid flow, Mass Transfer/ Heat Transfer, Reaction Engineering, Process control, Thermodynamics

**Chemical Engineering Discipline:**

- Chemical engineering, Energy balance, Material balances
- Fluid flow
- Mass Transfer/ Heat Transfer
- Reaction Engineering
- Process control
- Thermodynamics

**Case studies: **Modern Chemical Engineering Process Plants Manufacture of a drug Diversity in the field of application for a chemical engineer**Reference: **Introduction to Chemical engineering S Pushpavanam, Easstern Ecomony Edition, PHI Learning Pvt Ltd, 2012

This foundational course aims to help students coming from different language backgrounds acquire fluency in both spoken and written English in the workplace. The course includes three components – **Language, Speaking and Writing**. Lectures and Sessionals will be conducted to improve the skills required these three areas. Lectures will be aimed to introduce the learners to the basic concepts in communication, while sessionals will give practical experience. The purpose of this course is to help students to communicate English more efficiently.

**Section A (lecture topics)**

- Introduction to communication
- Language and grammar skills
- Speaking and writing skills

**Section B (Sessionals)**

- Building Vocabulary
- Building sentences
- Grammar, Pronunciation drills
- Phonetics, vowels
- Diphthongs, consonants
- Stress
- Rhythm and intonation
- Conversational skills
- Meta Language, the writing process
- Writing with a thesis
- Writing topic sentences
- Writing a paragraph and linking paragraph

**Reference: **Technical Communication: English Skills for Engineers by Meenakshi Raman and Sangeeta Sharma (OUP India)

- Sources of energy
- General structure of electrical power systems
- Power transmission and distribution via overhead lines and underground cables
- Steam, Hydel, Gas and Nuclear power generation

**DC Networks: **

- Kirchoff’s laws, node voltage and mesh current methods
- Delta-star and star-delta conversion
- Superposition principle
- Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems

**Single phase AC Circuits: **

Single phase EMF generation, average and effective values of sinusoids, solution of R, L, C series circuits, the j operator, complex representation of impedances, phasor diagram, power factor, power in complex notation, solution of parallel and series – parallel circuits.**Three phase AC Circuits: **

Three phase EMF generation, delta and Y – connections, line and phase quantities, solution of three phase circuits, balanced supply voltage and balanced load.**Electronic system** as a conglomeration of several subsystems, such as transducer, amplifier, filter, oscillator, data converter, display device, power supply etc., examples of typical electronic systems (mobile phone, portable CD player etc.), basic concept of signal, noise, etc.**Semiconductor devices: **

Diode, BJT, MOSFET, their structures and principle of operations.**Amplifiers: **

Functionality, specifications (voltage gain, current gain, input resistance, output resistance, dynamic range, bandwidth, linearity, power efficiency etc.), effect of cascading, various applications and typical circuits.**Filters: **

Low pass, high pass, band pass and band stop filters, single and higher order passive filter topologies (RC and LC), specifications (cutoff frequency, roll off, etc.)

**References:**Electronic Devices And Circuits; An Introduction by Allen Mottershead (Goodyear Publishing)

A Textbook of Electrical Technology

**Differential Calculus (Functions of one Variable) **: Rolle’s theorem, Cauchy’s mean value theorem (Lagrange s mean value theorem as a special case), Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s theorems with remainders, indeterminate forms, concavity and convexity of a curve, points of inflexion, asymptotes and curvature.

**Differential Calculus (Functions of several variables) **: Limit, continuity and differentiability of functions of several variables, partial derivatives and their geometrical interpretation, differentials, derivatives of composite and implicit functions, derivatives of higher order and their commutativity, Euler s theorem on homogeneous functions, harmonic functions, Taylor s expansion of functions of several variables, maxima and minima of functions of several variables - Lagrange s method of multipliers.

**Ordinary Differential Equations**: First order differential equations - exact, linear and Bernoulli s form, second order differential equations with constant coefficients, method of variation of parameters, general linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Euler s equations, system of differential equations.

**Sequences and Series**: Sequences and their limits, convergence of series, comparison test, Ratio test, Root test, Absolute and conditional convergence, alternating series, Power series.

**Complex Variables**: Limit, continuity, differentiability and analyticity of functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, line integrals in complex plane, Cauchy’s integral theorem, independence of path, existence of indefinite integral, Cauchy s integral formula, derivatives of analytic functions, Taylor s series, Laurent s series, Zeros and singularities, Residue theorem, evaluation of real integrals.

**Reference**: Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Kreyszig.

**Linear Algebra: **

- Algebra of matrices
- Vector spaces - linear dependence of vectors, basis, linear transformations, rank and inverse of a matrix, solution of algebraic equations - consistency conditions
- Hermitian, skew Hermitian and unitary matrices, bilinear forms, eigenvalues and eigenvectors Numerical solution of system of linear equations â Gauss, Gauss-Jordan elimination and Gauss-Seidel iteration methods

**Integral Calculus:**

- Fundamental theorem of integral calculus, mean value theorems, evaluation of definite integrals - reduction formulae
- Convergence of improper integrals, tests of convergence, Beta and Gamma functions – elementary properties
- Differentiation under integral sign, differentiation of integrals with variable limits - Leibnitz rule
- Rectification, double and triple integrals, computations of area, surfaces and volumes, change of variables in double integrals - Jacobians of transformations, integrals dependent on parameters - applications.

**Vector Calculus:**

- Scalar and vector fields, level surfaces, directional derivative, Gradient, Curl, Divergence, Laplacian, line and surface integrals, theorems of Green, Gauss and Stokes, line integrals independent of path.

**Numerical Analysis:**

- Finite differences, Newtons forward and backward interpolation formulae, central difference interpolation formulae
- Trapezoidal and Simpsons 1/3rd rules for numerical integration
- Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations - bisection, Newton-Raphson and regula-falsi methods.

**Reference:**Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Kreyszig.

- Introduction to digital computers
- Introduction to programmeming variables, assignments; expressions; input/output
- Conditionals and branching
- Iiteration
- Functions
- Recursion
- Arrays
- Introduction to pointers
- Character strings
- Time and space requirements
- Searching and sorting
- Structures
- Introduction to data-procedure encapsulation
- Dynamic allocation
- Linked structures
- Introduction to data structures â stacks and queues. (A programmeming language like C/C++ may be used as a basis language. The same language must be used in the laboratory).

**Programming & Data Structure LAB: **

The topics taught in the classes will also have a practical implementation as well. Therefore, theory is appropriately synchronized with lab experiments. A sample sequence of topics and lab classes are given below:

- Familiarization of a computer and the environment and execution of sample programmes
- Expression evaluation
- Conditionals and branching
- Iteration
- Functions
- Recursion
- Arrays
- Structures
- Linked lists
- Data structures

**Reference:**Introduction to Algorithms by Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, and Clifford Stein (MIT Press)

Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes: Concept of entropy, Chemical potential, Equilibrium conditions for closed systems, Phase and reaction equilibria, Maxwell relations, Real gas and real solution. Electrochemical Systems: Electrochemical cells and EMF, Applications of EMF measurements: Thermodynamic data, activity coefficients, solubility product and pH, corrosion.

Kinetics of Chemical Reactions: Reversible, consecutive and parallel reactions, Steady state approximation, Chain reactions, Photochemical kinetics. Bonding Models in Inorganic Chemistry: Molecular orbital theory, Valence-bond theory, Crystal field theory. Fundamentals of Microwave, IR and UV-VIS Spectroscopy: Basic concepts of spectroscopy, Selection rule, Determination of molecular structure.

**Reference**: Physical Chemistry by G.W. Castellan (Addison Wesley Publishing Company)

**Force systems: **

- Moment of a force about a point and about an axis
- Couple moment
- Reduction of a force system with a force and a couple

**Equilibrium: **

- Free body diagram
- Equations of equilibrium
- Problems in two and three dimensions
- Plane frames and trusses

**Friction: **

- Laws of Coulomb friction, problems involving large and small contact surfaces
- Square threaded screws
- Belt friction
- Rolling resistance

**Kinematics and Kinetics of particles: **

- Particle dynamics in rectangular coordinates cylindrical coordinates and in terms of path variables
- Central force motion

**Properties of areas: **

- Moments of inertia and product of inertia of areas
- Polar moment of inertia
- Principal axes
- Principal moments of inertia

**Reference:**Engineering Mechanics Statics and Dynamics by Irving H Shames.

**Concept of stress and strain:**

- Normal stress, shear stress, state of stress at a point, ultimate strength, allowable stress, factor of safety
- Normal strain, shear strain, Hooke’s law, Poisson’s ratio, generalized Hooke’s law
- Analysis of axially loaded members

**Torsion:**

Torsion of cylindrical bars, torsional stress, modulus of rigidity and deformation.**Flexural loading:**

- Shear and moment in beams
- Load, shear and moment relationship
- Shear and moment diagrams
- Flexure formula
- Shear stress in beams
- Differential equation of the elastic curve, deflection of beams

**Transformation of stress and strain: **

Transformation of stress and strain, principal stresses, principal strains, Mohr’s circle for stress and strain.**Combined loading: **

- Axial and torsional; axial and bending
- Axial, torsional and bending

**Column: **

Buckling of slender columns, Euler bucking load for different end conditions.

**Reference:**Elements of Strength of Material by Timoshenko and Young (East West Press)

**Unit 1: **

Cellular Biology (10 Lectures) Ultra structure of bacteria, plants and animal cells; cell division, cell cycle and apoptosis; ATP synthesis and Glycolysis; Respiration and photosynthesis.**Unit 2: **

Chemical Biology (10 Lectures) Proteins: structure and sequencing; Enzymes: mechanism, kinetics and inhibition; DNA: structure and sequence, replication, recombination; RNA synthesis; Genetic code and protein biosynthesis; Recombinant DNA technology.**Unit 3: **

Bio-Thermo-Fluidics and Transport Processes (8 Lectures) Noncovalent interactions and free energy changes in biological processes; Fundamentals of momentum, heat and mass transport as applied to biological systems; Human body as a thermodynamic system; Blood Rheology, Fluid mechanical aspects of some diseases and organs; Bio-Micro devices.**Unit 4: **

Impact of Biology on Society and Mankind (2 Lectures) Crop management, Disease control, Biological Hazards and safety; Unsolved Problems in Biology.

**Suggested Books:**

Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry, Nelson and Cox, Biochemistry by Berg, Tymoczko and Stryer, Biochemistry by Voet and Voet, Molecualr Cell Biology by Lodish et al, Molecular Biology of Genes by Watson et al., Gene IX by Benjamin

Understanding the interconnection in earth energy and environment systems uses the principles of Geology, Biology, Engineering and Socioeconomic dynamics- Understanding of the global changes in different time scales specially emphasising on technology and socio-political approaches applied to earth, oceans, water, energy, food and population will also be addressed.

**The following are the components:** Anthropogenic and natural changes in the atmosphere, ocean and terrestrial and freshwater ecosystem.

Green house gases and climate change, deforestation, species extinction, human population growth and resource usage.

Understanding the human-environment, interaction with a focus on culture, history, economics, policy and the role of the state.

**Case studies:** Environmental degradation, loss of biodiversity, and resource sustainability, complex environmental problems caused by human activities in interaction with natural changes in the earth system.

**Reference: **Environmental Studies: From Crisis to Cure, R. Rajagopalan, OUP India, 3rd Edition.

To provide an overview of polymers with an emphasis of solution polymers, surfactants and its behaviour in aqueous solution, and, the properties of polymer-surfactant solutions which can be used for different industrial applications including the oil and gas industry.

**Unit I**

- Basics of Polymer: definition, classification, important characterizing properties
- Solution polymer, Surface active polymer
- Rheological behaviour, surface chemistry

**Unit II**

- Basics of Surfactants: Self assembly and association, phase behaviour and structure Rheological behaviour, surface chemistry
- Types of surfactants, Mixed surfactant system

**Unit I**

- Basics of Polymer-surfactant systems: general aspects, associating polymers, phase behaviour
- Surface chemistry, rheological behaviour
- Surfactants and polymers containing oxyethylene groups
- Polymer surfactant systems for different industrial applications

**Text Book**

Surfactants and Polymers in Aqueous solution: Krister Holmberg, Bo Jönsson, Bengt Kronberg, Björn Lindman, 2nd edition, Wiley, 2002

**References**

Surface Chemistry of Surfactants and Polymers: Bengt Kronberg, Krister Holmberg, Bjorn Lindman , Wiley, 2014 Chemistry and Technology of Surfactants: Richard J. Farn (Editor) , Wiley-Blackwell, 200 Handbook of Industrial Water Soluble Polymers: Peter A. Williams (Editor), Wiley-Blackwell, 2007

- Introduction to IS code of drawing
- Conics and Engineering Curves – ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, cycloid, trochoid, involute
- Projection of lines – traces, true length
- Projection of planes and solids; solid objects – cube, prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone and sphere
- Projection on Auxiliary planes
- Isometric projection, isometric scale
- Section of solids – true shape of section
- Introduction to CAD tools – basics
- Introduction of Development and Intersection of surfaces

**Suggested Experiments**

- To measure the armature and field resistance of a DC machine. in R-L-C series circuit exited by single phase) AC supply.
- Verification of circuit theorems – Thevenin’s and superposition theorems (with DC sources only).
- Measurement of current, voltage and power
- Open circuit and short circuit tests on a single phase transformer
- Connection and starting of a three phase induction motor using direct on line (DOL) or star – delta starter
- Connection and measurement of power consumption of a fluorescent lamp and voltage – current characteristics of incandescent lamps.
- Determination of open circuit characteristics (OCC) or a DC generator.
- Two wattmeter method of measuring power in three phase circuit (resistive load only).
- Familiarization with electronic components and usage of multimeter
- Familiarization with oscilloscope, signal generator and further usage of multimeters
- Frequency-response and square-wave testing of R-C, C-R and R-L networks
- Voltage Rectifiers2. To calibrate a test (moving iron) ammeter and a (dynamometer) Wattmeter with respect to standard (DC PMMC) ammeter and voltmeters
- Studies on Common-Emitter amplifiers
- Studies on analog circuits using OP-AMP
- Studies on logic gates

- Measurement of surface tension, CMC of a surfactant
- Measurement of the coefficient of viscosity for water and polymer
- Conductometric titration
- pH-metric/potentiometric titration
- Solubility product
- Kinetics of ester hydrolysis
- Estimation of Fe2+
- EDTA titration

- Identification of organic compounds from a binary mixture by qualitative analysis
- Estimation of glucose/cane sugar. Estimation of base content and acid content of commercially available antacid and vitamin C respectively
- Determination of solubility of solid sample in different solvent
- Recrystallazion of solid compound from a solution
- Esterification reaction
- Extraction
- Chromatographic separation
- Quantitative analysis of organic compound
- Determination of melting point